The effect of gender and education on phonemic fluency

Leila Shamspar, Samira Mazaheri, Mohammad Rezaei, Farzad Weisi


Background and Objectives: Verbal fluency performance investigated the ability of producing words, conscious mental process and generally, the ability to make verbal communication. In different studies, phonological fluency tasks have significant relationship with variables such as age, gender and level of education. This research tries to investigate phonological fluency and its relationship with levels of education as well as gender in Persian language.

Method: The present study was done in cross- sectional approach. The subjects of this study were 290 typical persian speaking individuals with ages range from 12 to 18. They were divided in seven age groups who did not have any prior neurological, psychological and sensory disorders. Data collecting was performed through verbal fluency tests. An independent T-test and ANOVA were performed for data analysis.

Results: According to obtained result from statistical tests in this research, there was significant difference between the age and level of education on one hand and mean performance of phonological fluency on other hand )P<0.005(. Moreover, this significant difference is existed between the mean of performance and number of phonological fluency transfers in both boys and girls.

Conclusions: Individuals with low education scored less in all studied area except clustering. It indicates, there is lower mental screening among the less educated people.

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